Article · Mecha CMS


Strict Conversions

Author: Taufik Nurrohman · 355 Views


Mecha has some disciplines in phrase writing styles.


There are several terms of phrase writing styles:

  • camelCase (also bumpy case)
  • kebab-case (also spinal case, lisp case)
  • lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or minuscule)
  • PascalCase (also bumpy case)
  • Sentence case
  • snake_case (also pothole case)
  • StUdLyCaPs
  • Title Case (also capital case, headline style)
  • Train-Case
  • UPPER CASE (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or majuscule)

But in Mecha, I only divide the phrase writing style of the API syntax into camelCase, slug-case (kebab-case or snake_case) and PascalCase.

Camel Case is the practice of writing compound words or phrases such that each word or abbreviation in the middle of the phrase begins with a capital letter, with no intervening spaces or punctuation. In Mecha, the camelCase writing style is used for naming class methods. But as function, class and method names in PHP are case insensitive, there will be an exception of naming methods in the form of abreviation text, it will be preferred to keep using capital letters in all parts.


class Converter {
    public function ClassName() {} // :(
    public function className() {} // :)
    public function getURL {} // :)
    public function getUrl {} // :(
    public function path() {} // camel case, one word :)
    public function URL() {} // abbreviation, force capital letter :)
    public function Url() {} // :(
    public function url() {} // :(

Pascal Case is distinct from title case, which capitalises all words but retains the spaces between them, similar to the camel case, but the first letter is always capital. In Mecha, the PascalCase writing style is used for naming classes. Although that class names in PHP are case insensitive, the class name is very important to be matched with the file name to support the internal PHP class autoloading system.

Each class name specifies the file name associated with that class, and vice-versa. The class name in the form of PascalCase must be converted to kebab-case in the file name; namespace must be converted to a dot character.

This class must be saved as page.php:


class Page {}

This class must be saved as local-storage.php:


class LocalStorage {}

This class must be saved as page.article.php:

<?php namespace Page;

class Article {}

This class must be saved as page.article.event.php:

<?php namespace Page\Article;

class Event {}

This class must be saved as u-r-l.php:


class URL {}

If class name is an abreviation, use capital letters in all parts! If class name is mixed with sentences, then the use of underscores is allowed for readability.

// :)
class CSS {}
class JS {}
class URL {}
class YAML {}

// :)
class JavaScript {}
class EncodeURIComponent {}
class XMLHTTPRequest {}

// :)
class Encode_URI_Component {}
class XML_HTTP_Request {}

// :(
class Javascript {}
class javascript {}
class Filesystem {}
class encodeUriComponent {}
class encodeURIComponent {}
class XmlHttpRequest {}

Slug Case replaces any punctuation and space characters with a hyphen or underscore and force all letter to be in their lower-case style. In Mecha, the slug-case writing style is used for naming functions, keys (array and object keys), files and folders. Files and folders use hyphen as word separator, whereas functions and keys use underscore as word separator.

function path() {}
function u_r_l() {}
function mecha_c_m_s() {}
function foo_bar() {}

$vars = [
    'path' => 1,
    'u_r_l' => 2,
    'mecha_c_m_s' => 3,
    'foo_bar' => 4

Why is that the case must be as specific as this? The reason for this specification is data minimization. When you look at the page class, you can define the page title as file name written in kebab-case style and it will be converted into Title Case by the To::title() method so that it can become the pre-defined page title before you decide to write your original title text in the title field within the page content. This means that you can omit the page title data if page file name text can be converted into a valid title text.

Camel Case 

camelCase will look for any non-alphanumeric character and will use that to tell the parser that the alpha character followed after it should be parsed into upper-case character.

a → a
-a → A
abc → abc
abc-def → abcDef
-abc-def → AbcDef
a-b-c → aBC
-a-b-c → ABC
1abc → 1abc
1-abc → 1Abc
abc1 → abc1
abc-1 → abc1

Pascal Case 

PascalCase work as the same as camelCase but it does not care about whether the string input is started by a non-alphanumeric character or not. It will parse the first alpha character to the upper-case character anyway.

a → A
-a → A
abc → Abc
abc-def → AbcDef
-abc-def → AbcDef
a-b-c → ABC
-a-b-c → ABC
1abc → 1abc
1-abc → 1Abc
abc1 → Abc1
abc-1 → Abc1

Slug Case 

slug-case will look for any upper-case characters and will parse them to a lower-case character preceeded by a hyphen or an underscore.

a → a
A → -a
abc → abc
Abc → -abc
abcDef → abc-def
AbcDef → -abc-def
aBC → a-b-c
ABC → -a-b-c
1abc → 1abc
1Abc → 1-abc
abc1 → abc1
Abc1 → -abc1

Some are reversible, some are not. And the safest method to make the data reversible is the combination of camelCase and slug-case.

Camel Case → Slug Case → Camel Case

abcDef → abc-def → abcDef
ABC → -a-b-c → ABC
aBC → a-b-c → aBC
abc1 → abc1 → abc1
1abc → 1abc → 1abc

Pascal Case → Slug Case → Pascal Case

AbcDef → -abc-def → AbcDef
ABC → -a-b-c → ABC
aBC → a-b-c → ABC ✘
Abc1 → -abc1 → Abc1
1Abc → 1-abc → 1Abc

Slug Case → Camel Case → Slug Case

abc-def → abcDef → abc-def
a-b-c → aBC → a-b-c
-a-b-c → ABC → -a-b-c
abc1 → abc1 → abc1
1abc → 1abc → 1abc
abc-1 → abc1 → abc1 ✘
1-abc → 1abc → 1abc ✘

Slug Case → Pascal Case → Slug Case

abc-def → AbcDef → -abc-def ✘
a-b-c → ABC → -a-b-c ✘
-a-b-c → ABC → -a-b-c
abc1 → abc1 → abc1
1abc → 1abc → 1abc
abc-1 → Abc1 → -abc1 ✘
1-abc → 1Abc → 1-abc



Some factors that affect our habits such as cognitive ease has been forced us to accept something that’s not right. For example, it would seem more ideal when we store the URL data in an item with property url (lower-case) than URL (upper-case) or u_r_l.

This also seems to apply to other abbreviations. People just feel comfortable writing abbreviations in lower-case style when dealing with softwares. For example, the http and www parts in URL are actually abbreviations, but people are already familiar to write them as general text, written in lower-case letters. So, no can do. Nobody is perfect.

// :)

// :\

// :\



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